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Wayne Tp., Darke County, Ohio
Samuel Long
Table of Contents
pages [3]-5  pages 6-9  pages 10-13  pages 14-17  pages 18-21  pages 22-25  pages 26-29
pages 30-33  pages 34-37  pages 38-41  pages 42-45  pages 46-49  pages 50-53  pages 54-57
Surname Index


William, Polly, Sarah Ann, Sarafina, and Nancy. They went to the south about the mid.fifties.
      Nicholas Simon was to the extreme northeast, owning a quarter section, surrounded by the deep forest. He was an immigrant from France. Of his family there were Sebastian George, Nicholas, and Mary Ann. They were well known citizens, and of this descent there is quite a generation.
      David Christian was to the far east and beyond Modest Taylor's. He was a pioneer boy and said to be the first white child born in Wayne township as it was at that time, his birth place not now being in the civil township. He was prominent of those who felled the forest, rolled the logs, and erected the heavy log buildings. He reared a large family and died in recent years. Among his children were Joseph, Henry, Samuel, Caroline, and others, well known citizens. Samuel Woods was to the east of Christian whose brother-in-law he was. He too wielded the ax and swung the maul, and was an active citizen in civil affairs in later years, dying not many years since. His widow still survives, and of the children there were James, Richard, Frank, and Mrs. McGreevy and Mrs. Miller well known.
      Mr. Foy was farther east and south of the school lands, owning one half of a quarter section, he was a French immigrant adjacent to Pipiot and Debrosse who were beyond the county and township line. Of the family there were Joseph, Peter, Frank, Mary, and Julia. The family was well known in the later time of which we write as of the good citizens, and of the lineage there is quite a number of them. In the onward years the farm was purchased by Mr. McGreevy, an Irish immigrant.

Improvement of Speculators Lands.

      We have said that the Nicholas Simon's homestead was surrounded by dense forests. That in Wayne township, being the northeast part, was owned chiefly by speculators, Pilliods and others. Wilson was an old pioneer along with the first ones, a little beyond the county line, of whom it might



have been said, "he was monarch of all he surveyed." His lands, quite a large tract, went to his heirs, whose whereabouts in the later years, was lost, and how the titles to those lands were quited the writer knows not.
      On the Pilliod lands east of Samuel English was John Whiteherd on a lease. John was a good timber slasher and rail splitter. He went to the army as a member of the famous and fated 66th O. V. I., and received no slight wound in the forehead, from the effects of which, a few years after the close of the war, he died. His widow, a kind and helpful mother, as the writer knows in the helping hand she gave his aged and invalid mother, survived him several years as a pensioner. Of the children were William, John, Eliza, and Lucy, and of the lineage there are a few mostly scattered abroad.
      Next came John Davidson an immigrant from Ireland, purchasing a tract east of Robert Davidson, his brother-in-law, on which he established a homestead. South of him was a Mr. Lolhaman, a French immigrant, also erecting a homestead. His family of daughters are well known. Adjacent on the south was old Mr. Chappie, whose son was named Alexander. These farms were purchased afterward by the writer's brother, Steve, and is now owned by his widow and heirs. To the south of these was Mr. Grojean, a French immigrant. His family of girls are among the well known citizens and of the lineage there is quite a number. Then came Mr. Paulus to the east, toward the county line. In a few years he cleared up a farm and built a fine homestead. He is one of the best and most thrifty farmers of the township, and his five big boys as well as his amiable daughter, possess the energy and thrift of the parents. The quarter section to the north of Paulus was improved and owned by a Mr. Magoto, George Grilliot, and Jacob Batty, and those south of Grojean by Fonderhide and Steuder. Other of these lands along the township and county line eastward, were purchased and improved by Nicholas Watrin, Justian Dapore, and Nicholas Bion, of French nationality, each owning one half of a quarter section. The lineage of their families of which there are a number, is well known in the younger of our citizenship.



Other speculator's lands were adjacent and eastward of the old Jacob Miller farm, one half of a quarter section, the author of these pages purchased, but was too much of a poet to attempt the destruction of so beautiful a grove of heavy forest growth, and sold it to a Mr. Friend who made an excellent farm of it. Mr. Jacob Rhoades, of Shelby county, having an offer of the west half of said quarter section, offered the sale of his well improved little farm in Shelby to the writer. The purchases were made, and Mr. Rhoades made an excellent farm out of his purchase, and the writer took up his abode upon his, where he was a farmer and teacher of the public sub-district schools for a number of years. Other of such lands were purchased by David Hoover east of Thomas Bayman, whose farm Hoover had purchased. The Constant Mougeville farm is one-fourth of a quarter section principally cleared by one Poly Trion. Bakertown was founded on such lands by a Mr. Weaver and is yet a pioneer village.

Speculators' and Pasture Lands, Etc.

      These Speculators' lands which were purchased from the Government, generally at $1.25 per acre, and held by the purchaser, not for occupancy, but to be sold to the settlers at an advanced price, with the school lands, section sixteen, were a sort of pasture and hunting grounds for the real settlers for a number of onward years. The pioneer's stock of cattle, sheep, and hogs ran at large. There were neither stock laws or pasture fields those days, but official fence viewers to see that the pioneers fence was a lawful one, which some wag pioneer defined as being "horse high, ox strong, and pig tight," and if a lawful one, could recover damages done of the owner whose stock broke over. On one of the herd of cattle or flock of sheep was a jingling or tingling bell and so was the bell-cow or bell-sheep. Every one of the pioneers and the bigger ones of their "chaps" too, knew his cow and sheep bell. The hogs ran at large too, and largely were wild, numerous, and sometimes cross. These were not belled but marked. The owner's mark was recorded in a book with the Township Clerk, and this gave him a right to



slaughter all hog having his recorded mark, for while slaughtering hogs that did not bear such mark was not proof positive of theft, it gave rise to uncertainty or suspicion, as the porkers those days, were fatted upon mast of the forest in which they raged. Of course the pioneer marked the young of his herd before turning them at large or as the homespun phrase was "turn'in 'em to the woods." A few however did not have a recorded mark and so claimed the whole posse of unmarked hogs, and, it is said, did as Peter of old was told in his vision to do, "arise, slay and eat." The bell-cows and bell-sheep and unmarked hogs of modern times are as different as were the times now and then, but are still said to exist.

Occupants of the School Lands.

      Of the first of these was East Taylor near the southwest corner of the section, purchased and owned afterward by Frank Parmenter. He was a primitive school teacher when the school was supported by subscription and the teacher boarded 'round. The land he occupied was leased from the state to occupants by the Directors of the school lands, a township officer of whom the writer's father was one. The improvement made was considered worth a five year's lease, after which time a rental had to be paid. He had a small family and left the school lands more than half a century ago. The next occupant was Robert Brown in the northeast corner of the section. "Old Bob" as he was familiarly known was not only one of the experts in wielding the ax when the heavy growth of timber was cut away from the Bee Line Railway right of way, one hundred feet wide across the section, but something of a pugilist if attacked as well. Of his family were Henry, Isaac, Eli, Alexander, William, John, and Malinda. Of these several were soldiers in the war of the rebellion. Of this descent there is quite a number. William Spillers was another occupant of these lands near the center of the section. His cabin was surrounded by dense forest. "Bill" was an expert chopper and rail-splitter, and in a wrestle, he generally gave the other fellow the whirl. He was

Table of Contents
pages [3]-5  pages 6-9  pages 10-13  pages 14-17  pages 18-21  pages 22-25  pages 26-29
pages 30-33  pages 34-37  pages 38-41  pages 42-45  pages 46-49  pages 50-53  pages 54-57
Surname Index

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