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HISTORY OF DARKE COUNTY OHIO
From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time
In Two Volumes
by
Frazer E. Wilson
Also Biographical Sketches of Many Representative Citizens of the County
Illustrated
Hobart Publishing Company, Milford, Ohio
1914

Vol I: Foreword, Contents, Notable Persons
Vol II: Preface, Index of Biographical Sketches

Volume I
FOREWORD       A comprehensive county history must, of necessity, be a compilation of materials gleaned from various sources and assembled in the form of a literary mosaic, the design of which is symmetrical -- but not always apparent.
      The first and only exhaustive history of the county heretofore written was published by W. H. Beers & Co., in 1880, from material compiled and arranged largely by Judge John Wharry of Greenville and by one Prof. W. H. Mclntosh. This volume contained about 250 octavo pages of closely printed matter relating to the history of the county, besides about 200 pages of general introductory material and about 300 pages of biographical sketches. On account of its priority and the mass of historical data which it contains, this book must form the basis of any authentic history hereafter written. Perhaps the most apparent fault in this excellent first history is the lack of an adequate index and the irregular arrangement of topics -- a condition which the writer has endeavored to overcome in a measure in this work.
      A second work entitled "A Pictorial Outline History of Darke County," was published by Geo. W. Wolfe in 1890. This work was largely biographical but contained some excellent introductory matter and a few good topical sketches.
      An excellent Biographical History was published in 1900 by the Lewis Publishing Company of Chicago, which contained many well-written biographical sketches, but not much purely historical data. To all of these works the compiler of the present volume freely acknowledges his indebtedness for original material, realizing that without them the task of writing an authentic pioneer history would be practically impossible. Further acknowledgment is made to Attorney Geo. A. Katzenberger, who compiled and wrote the excellent chapters on "Militia Organizations," and "Bench and Bar," and to Geo. W. Calderwood, the "Darke County Boy," whose writings made possible the chapter entitled "Random Sketches."
      Others who have assisted materially in making this work possible are mentioned in the body of this book.
      The military campaigns of St. Clair and Wayne are treated somewhat exhaustively inasmuch as they led up to the great treaty of Greene Ville, which is one of the landmarks of state and national history.
      Much space has also been devoted to the interesting geological and archeological features of the county, which have been given scant treatment in former works. An attempt has been made to give a brief history of every religious denomination having a fair constituency in the county and thereby preserve a permanent record of the founding of each for convenient reference.
      The writing of a county history covering the numerous phases of political, social, religious and material pro"gress is a large btlt interesting task, and it is the hope of the author of this work that the careful perusal of its pages will stimulate greater interest in local history than has been manifested heretofore and be a source of delight to many.
      Probably the greatest difficulty encountered in the present work has been the matter of the arrangement of the vast amount of miscellaneous material collected. This has been overcome, in a measure, by considering the relation of each subject to the history of the county as a whole rather than to a restricted locality.
      An entire chapter is given to "Notable Events" as it is deemed desirable to portray these significant historical happenings for the instruction and entertainment of future generations.
      The recent introduction of the study of local history in our public schools is a commendable step and will, no doubt, result in a widespread interest in and enthtlsiasm for pioneer lore, so that the records of the past will be more eagerly per used and the memory of early events more sacredly cherished by coming generations. Instead of contempt for the past we may expect appreciation, and look for a more vivid realization of the fact that the things of the past play an important part in the life of the present.
      Some one has aptly said: "The average American is content to let history begin with himself," exhibiting thereby an ignorance and indifference unworthy of citizenship in a republic bought with blood and sacrifice. Such persons should read and ponder on these beautiful lines by Cora Greenleaf:

    There is No Past.

   "They are not dead, those happy days gone by,
    They brought that much of life to us. And I
    Know no part of our life can ever die.

    We lived them, so each joy or grief fraught day
    Is ours, henceforth, forever and for aye,
    There is no dead, unknowing yesterday.

    Our memory the casket that shall hold
    Experiences worth far more than gold
    And jewels to the longing soul they mold.

    I like to drift and dream of times called past,
    Past days are present long as memories last,
    Within the brain's firm mold they're poured and cast --
    Shaped in an instant by our heedless will,
    To last forevermore, for good or ill,
    Until this very universe grows chill."

      It will be noticed that this work appears in two volumes, the first of which is historical and is compiled by the author, while the second is biographical and is the work of the publishers to whom credit is due for its excellent and comprehensive character.

FRAZER E. WILSON.
Greenville, Ohio, May 20, 1914.



Volume II
PREFACE       The present age is happily awake to the duty of writing its own records, setting down what is best worth remembering in the lives of the busy toilers of today, noting, not in vain glory, but with an honest pride and sense of fitness, things worthy of emulation, that thus the good, men do, may live after them. The accounts here rendered are not of buried talents, but of used ability and opportunity. The conquests recited are of mind over matter, of cheerful labor directed by thought, of honest, earnest endeavor, which subdues the earth in the divinely appointed way. "The great lesson of biography," it is said, ."is to show what man can be and do at his best." A noble life put fairly on record acts like an inspiration, and no more interesting and instructive matter could be presented to an intelligent public.
      In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the imitation of coming generations. It tells how commencing life in poverty, by industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence, as statesmen, and whose names have become famous. It tells of those in every walk of life who have striven to succeed and records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of those who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued the "even tenor of their way," content to have it said of them, as Christ said of a woman performing a deed of mercy, they have done what they could. It tells how many, in the pride and strength of young manhood, left all, and at their country's call went forth valiantly "to do or die."
      Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it, as a sacred treasure, from the fact that it contains so much that would never find its way into public record, and which would otherwise be inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work, and every opportunity possible given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written; and the publishers flatter themselves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of importance. For all the good things in volume I, of this work, credit is due to the local historian, Frazer E. Wilson, and those whom he credits as having aided him in various ways. For all the errors that have crept into volume II, unless the people who furnished the facts erred, all blame is to be laid at the door of the "proof readers" who serve, THE HOBART PUBLISHING COMPANY



Greenville 1808


Greenville 1857

Table of Contents
from volume I

CHAPTER I -- PRIMEVAL DARKE COUNTY....................... 17
Early Records--Niagara Limestone--Later Formations--Glacial
Invasion--The Laurentide Glacier--Terminal Moraine--Local
Glacial Phenomena: (I) Surface Boulders, (2) Glacial Till,
(3) Kames-Local Moraines: (1) Miami Moraine, (2) Union
Moraine, (3) Mississinawa Moraine-Extinct Animals-Peat Bogs.

CHAPTER II -- ARCHEOLOGY AND TOPOGRAPHY.................. 33
The Mound Builders--Local Phenomena--Indian Camp Sites and
Villages--Flint Caches--Work Shops--Stone Pipes and
Implements. Topography: Forests--Game.

CHAPTER III -- THE OHIO COUNTRY.......................... 49
Early Indian Tribes--Early French Explorations--Colonial
Expansion--French and Indian War--Anglo-Saxon
Ascendency--Clark's Expedition--Retreat of the Tribes--Raids
and Retaliations--Ordinance of 1787--Settlements North of
the Ohio.

CHAPTER IV -- HARMAR AND ST. CLAIR....................... 73
St. Clair Appointed Governor--Government
Instituted--Harmar's, Scott's and Wilkinson's
Expeditions--Confederation of the Tribes-St. Clair's
Expedition and Defeat.

CHAPTER V -- MAD ANTHONY WAYNE........................... 93
Overtures of Peace--Council of the Tribes--Wayne Succeeds
St. Clair--Army Reorganized--Wayne Advances and Builds Fort
Greenville--Fort Recovery Attacked--Army Advances to the
Maumee--Battle of "Fallen Timbers."

CHAPTER VI -- THE GREAT PEACE........................... 107
British Encourage Indians--Peace Overtures--Tribes Assemble
at Greenville--Preliminary Negotiations-Smoking the Pipe of
Peace--The treaty of Greene Ville.

CHAPTER VII -- TECUMSEH AND THE "PROPHET"............... 121
Settlement at Prophetstown--Teaching and Conniving--Visit of
the Shakers--Hanging of Blue Jacket--Departure for
Tippecanoe.

CHAPTER VIII -- PIONEERS AND PIONEER SETTLEMENTS........ 139
The Herdman Family--The French Trader--Azor Scribner--Samuel
C. Boyd--Abraham Studabaker--John Devor and Others--War of
1812--Murder of Andrew Rush, The Wilson Children, Elliott
and Stoner--Harrison's Treaty--Early Land Purchases--Renewal
of Emigration--Local Settlements.

CHAPTER IX -- CREATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTY.... 165
Early Trails and Roads--Early Neighborhood
Settlements--Early Business Enterprises--Early
Taverns--Early Mills--Early Schools.

CHAPTER X -- THE PLANTING OF THE CHURCH................. 197
Jesuit Missionaries--Army Chaplains--Rev. Morgan J.
Rhys--The Denominations: Christian, Methodist, Presbyterian,
Episcopal, Baptist, Catholic, United Brethren, Lutheran,
German Baptists, Church of the Brethren, Evangelical:
Universalist, Reformed, Church of Christ--Other
Denominations--County Sunday School Association.

CHAPTER XI--RANDOM SKETCHES FROM THE "DARKE COUNTY BOY"..253
Social Life: Winter Sports, Singing School, Dancing, Circus
Lore, Rowdyism, Children's Pastimes, Sunday Observance,
Games, Drinking, The Old Band, Early Fairs--Domestic Life:
Early Mothers, Clothing and Fashions, Household Equipments,
Early Notables, Early Superstitions, Obsolete Trades, Etc.
Events of 1856--Ancient Landmarks: "Kentucky Point,"
"Armstrong's Commons," "Spayde's Woods," "Goosepasture and
Bunker Hill," "Wayne Avenue and Wayne's Treaty," "Old Court
House," "Indian Trail," "Beech Grove" and "Matchett's
Corner."

CHAPTER XII -- DARKE COUNTY DURING THE CIVIL WAR........ 293
Local Patriotism--Preparation for the Conflict--Early
Enlistments--Departure for the Front--Ohio Regiments
Represented: 11th Regiment, 34th Regiment, 40th Regiment,
44th Regiment, 8th Ohio Cavalry, 69th Regiment, 94th
Regiment, 110th Regiment, 152d Regiment, 187th Regiment, and
Others.

CHAPTER XIII -- SOME NOTABLE EVENTS..................... 303
Harrison's Treaty 1814--Washington's Centenary Celebration,
1832--Departure of the Tribes, 1832-Hard Cider Campaign of
1840--Burial of Patsey and Anna Wilson, 1871-Dedication of
Court House, 1874--Wayne Treaty Centennial, 1895-Unveiling
of the Wayne Treaty Memorial, 1906--Dedication of the Fort
Jefferson Memorial, 1907.


CHAPTER XIV -- SOME NOTABLE CITIZENS.................... 327
Major George Adams--Azor Scribner--Abraham Studabaker
--Edward B. Taylor--Dr. I. N. Gard--D. K. Swisher--Enoch 
B. Seitz--Barney Collins--"Annie Oakley," and Others.

CHAPTER XV -- POLITICS AND POLITICAL OFFICES............ 355
Early Political Conditions--"Ante Bellum" Days--After the
War--State Senators--Legislators--County Officials:
Commissioners, Treasurer, Recorder, Auditor, Surveyor.

CHAPTER XVI -- PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS...................... 365
Infirmary--Children's Home--Carnegie Library--Public
Museum--Henry St. Clair Memorial Hall.

CHAPTER XVII -- RAILWAYS................................ 383
Early Means of Transportation--Railways in Darke County: The
Dayton and Union, The Pennsylvania, The C., C., C. & St. L.,
The Peoria and Eastern, The Cincinnati Northern, The C., H.
& D., The Ohio Electric.

CHAPTER XVIII -- THE PRESS.............................. 395
Influence of the Press--Early Illiteracy--First
Newspapers--The Journal--The Democrat--The Courier--The
Tribune; Daily, Weekly--The Advocate; Daily, Weekly--German
Newspaper--Temperance Papers--The Versailles Policy--The
Versailles Leader--The Arcanum Enterprise--The Arcanum
Times--The Ansonia Herald--The Bradford Sentinel--The New
Madison Herald--The Hollansburg News--Others.

CHAPTER XIX -- FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS................... 405
Banks--Development of the Banking System--Early Scarcity of
Money--Early Money Lenders--The Farmer's National Bank--The
Greenville National Bank--The Second National Bank--The
Citizens Bank--Banks at Versailles, New Madison, Ansonia,
Arcanum, Gettysburg, Pittsburg and Rossburg--Building and
Loan Associations: Greenville Building Company, Citizen's
Loan and Saving Association, Arcanum, Versailles and New
Madison Loan Associations.

CHAPTER XX -- DARKE COUNTY AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY......... 415
Agricultural Prominence of Darke County--Demand for a
Fair--The First Fair, 1853--Growth of the Fair--Notable
Fairs--Purchase and Enlargement of Grounds--Present
Equipment--Comprehensive Policy--Present Tendencies--Present
Board.

CHAPTER XXI -- PATRIOTIC, TEMPERANCE AND OTHER SOCIETIES.425
Jobes Post, G. A. R.--Complete Roster of Jobes Post--W .R.
C.--S. of V.--W. C. T. U.--Pioneer Association--Historical
Society--Medical Association.

CHAPTER XXII -- BENCH AND BAR........................... 449
                by George A. Katzenberger, Attorney-at-Law
First Courts--Place and Manner of Convening--Early
Jurisprudence--First Recorded Trial--First Justices of the
Peace--First Jails and Court Houses--First Associate
Judges--Constitution of 1851--Development of the Circuit,
Common Pleas and Probate Court System--Biographical Sketches
of Common Pleas Judges, Probate Judges and Prosecuting
Attorneys--List of Sheriffs and Clerks of the Court from the
Organization of the County--Biographical Sketches of Early
Attorneys--The Present Bar.

CHAPTER XXIII ---LOCAL MILITIA ORGANIZATIONS............ 503
              by Lieutenant George A. Katzenberger
General Remarks--Military System of Ohio--Early Military
Officers and Organizations--Maj. George Adams--Brig.-Gen.
William Emerson--Maj.-Gen. Hiram Bell--Gen. J. H.
Hostetter--Capt. Jonathan Crainor--The Greenville
Guards--The Greenville Jaegers--Captain Beers--Company C, 3d
Regiment--Detailed History of Company M, 3d Regiment of
Military System.

CHAPTER XXIV -- THE COUNTY SEAT......................... 513
Advantageous Location--Directory of 1857--Development of the
Town in 1857--Development by Decades--Notable
Buildings--Public Utilities: Water Works, Electric Light,
Home Telephone, Fire Department, Post Office, Cemetery,
Public Schools, Lodges, Societies and Clubs--City Officials.

BRIEF TOWNSHIP SKETCHES................................. 546
Arrangement of the Townships--Treatment by Tiers in the
Following Order: Mississinawa, Jackson, Washington, German
Harrison, Allen, Brown, Greenville, Neave, Butler, Wabash;
York, Richland, Van Buren, Twin, Patterson, Wayne, Adams,
Franklin, Monroe.
Lookups in volume II (the Biographies volumes) are generously offered by Julie Schopieray of Traverse City, Michigan. Julie descends from Frazer Wilson's sister Gertrude who married William H. Mann (see Wilson Family 1911). As time permits, individual biographies will be scanned and transcribed. They will be added to the DCOWeb Biography and Family History Board. Those now available are marked as active links below.
Index of Biographical Sketches
from volume II

            A
Albright, W. D........... 347
Albright, W. S........... 355
Allread, James I.........  32
Ammon, Edward............ 336
Amspaugh, D. F........... 473
Anderson, J. M........... 211
Appenzeller, C........... 295
Armacost, Eli............ 387
Armbruster, J. A......... 256
Arnett, Tobias........... 562

            B
Baker, D. H.............. 395
Baker, Ezra.............. 560
Baker, Guy C............. 126
Baker, Noah.............. 358
Bascom, J. Linus......... 119
Baughman, George W....... 262
Bausman, A. H............ 181
Bayman, N. R............. 483
Beam, R. K............... 471
Beanblossom, George...... 302
Beanblossom, J. R........ 297
Beane, Samuel............ 469
Beck, Henry.............. 502
Bickel, I. E............. 396
Bigler, Dr. L. D......... 494
Billingsley, Thomas A.... 168
Bishop, W. G............. 276
Boli, Ed. L.............. 386
Bowman, B. W.............  43
Brandenburg, E. T........ 440
Brandon, A. C............  84
Brandon, C. W............ 547
Brawley, T. G............ 204
Brown, Homer............. 444
Browne, Wm. A., Sr....... 105
Brumbaugh, C. L.......... 539
Brumbaugh Family......... 536
Brumbaugh, William D..... 542
Bryson, D. V............. 285
Burns, J. C..............  40
Byers, P. W.............. 202

            C
Calderwood. A. R......... 496
Calderwood, E. E......... 418
Chenoweth, W. A.......... 432
Cline, Fred.............. 206
Cohlentz, J. C........... 235
Collett, Henry........... 258
Conkling, F. T...........  64
Coppess, Charles......... 244
Coppess, H. M............ 144
Coppock, F. D............ 131
Crawford, G. F...........  28
Culbertson, Charles...... 299
Cunningham, William...... 349

            D
Davenport, Charles M..... 457
Davis, M. W.............. 367
Delk, Charles I.......... 428
Delaplane, Joshua........ 339
Delaplane, U. G.......... 328
Detamore, J. E........... 403
Dershem, Harvey F........ 505
Dininger, Jonas.......... 269
Dininger, Lewis.......... 279
Dininger, Riley.......... 290
Dull, Samuel............. 437
Dull, W. J............... 176
Dunham, John H........... 174

            E
Eidson, B. G............. 399
Elliott, J. C............  24
Eyer, John............... 449

            F
Farra, Arthur............ 487
Fellers, Frank........... 447
Fellers, George F........ 455
Fellers, Harry A......... 445
Fellers, P. C............ 463
Feltman, J. H............ 160
Finnarn, Theodore........ 524
Fogle, Orlando........... 397
Folkerth, C. D........... 340
Folkerth, L. D........... 342
Foureman, David C........ 363

            G
Ganger, W. H............. 477
Garber, H. C............. 413
Gaskill, D. L............ 178
Gilbert, A. H............ 329
Gilfilan, J. B........... 464
Groshans, George......... 110
Grubbs, E. A............. 497
Guntrum, W. E............ 185

            H
Hageman, James F......... 233
Hageman, W. R............ 231
Hall, C. C............... 115
Halderman, R. H.......... 268
Hammel, Edward........... 266
Harnish, Samuel.......... 208
Harper, William M........  59
Harrison, Orla E.........  80
Hartman, David M......... 362
Heck, J. F............... 215
Helman, F. G............. 412
Hoffman, C. O............ 189
Hole, H. B............... 222
Holland, John R.......... 305
Hollinger, I. K.......... 523
Horner, William H........ 481
Hostetter, S. A..........  61
Hostetter, T. J.......... 237
Humphreys, R. T.......... 134
Hunt, Bert and Ralph..... 365
Hunt, Washington......... 513
Hunter, J. E............. 196

            I
Irelan, N. T............. 453
Irwin, W. J.............. 155
Ivester, W. H............ 213

            J
Jobes, George A..........  38

            K
Karr, F. S............... 292
Katzenberger, Charles A..  22
Katzenberger, George A... 224
Kelley, William V........ 554
Kerlin, L. E.............  35
Kerst, H. B.............. 378
Kipp, Conrad.............  78
Klinger, A. J............ 182
Knupp, J. R.............. 368
Kolp, James B............  71
Krickenberger, O. R......  51

            L
Lampe, Fred.............. 191
Landis, J. Q............. 282
Layer, Henry............. 517
Layer, W. A.............. 451
Lecklider, John T........  17
Lecklider, Thomas A...... 163
Lickel, A. J............. 475
Longfellow, F. G......... 351
Lutz, F. B............... 303
Lutz, John H............. 355

            M
Mace, George W...........  46
Maher, Michael A......... 172
Marker, Leonard........... 192
Marley, J. R............. 252
Martin, C. O............. 466
Martin, Hugh L........... 408
Martin, Ira H............ 550
Martin, M. R............. 315
Martz, Adelbert.......... 140
McCabe, Samuel B......... 345
McClellan, Ora O......... 527
McCurdy, William J....... 533
McEowen, J. A............ 288
McGriff, Eli............. 467
McGriff, Ira............. 425
McGriff, J. A............ 420
McGriff, 0. Price........ 531
McKhann, Charles F.......  48
McNutt, O. A............. 352
Meeker, David L..........  30
Metzcar, S. F............ 376
Metzger, Aaron........... 287
Meyers, E. E............. 240
Meyers, S. A............. 370
Miller, Harry C.......... 546
Miller, Jacob............ 218
Miller, John............. 344
Miller, John W........... 515
Miller, M. H............. 264
Miller, Roll M........... 261
Millette, H. R........... 242
Minnich, Levi............ 565
Minnich, S. E............ 220
Minton, W. A............. 493
Moist, Oscar............. 507
Monger, John E........... 488
Moore, Rufus............. 383
Morgan, John L...........  57
Mote, S. E............... 152
Murphy, John............. 103
Musson, C. R............. 187
Myers, Harry C........... 479
Myers, O. H.............. 492

            N
Nauss, L. A.............. 520
Netzley, D. A............ 323
Neiswonger, James........ 385
Niswonger, C. O.......... 273
Niswonger, Eli........... 438

            O
O'Brien, C............... 142
O'Brien, J. J............ 391

            P
Passon, J. H............. 416
Patty, W. O.............. 138
Perry, W. J.............. 500
Plessinger, Ezra......... 313
Porter, George W.........  91

            R
Rarick, Charles W........ 128
Rarick, H. G............. 281
Rehmert, G. H............ 253
Rhoades, Stephen......... 291
Ries, J. A...............  69
Rippetoe, Charles L...... 311
Robeson, Alfred.......... 325
Roland, Charles R........ 124
Ross, David.............. 381
Ross, I. M............... 371
Ruh, Dan D............... 312
Rush, W. D...............  73
Rush, A. W...............  87
Ryan, C. F., MD..........  93

            S
Schlechty, Charles A..... 333
Scholl, B. F............. 331
Schoop, Mrs. H. K........ 375
Searle, A. E............. 247
Selby, Joseph L.......... 170
Sellman, Charles......... 357
Sellman, William......... 326
Shafer, Ed............... 380
Shuffleton, Robert A..... 155
Simon, John S............ 552
Simpson, O. S............ 229
Slade, Charles S......... 117
Smith, O. O.............. 200
Starr, James O........... 556
Steinmetz, W. V.......... 321
Stocker, H. P............ 108
Stocker, John............ 307
Stocker, R. H............ 408
Stutsman, Jesse.......... 400
Stutz, Joseph............ 448
Swartz, William I........ 510
Swope, S. Howard......... 165

            T
Taylor, C. C............. 405
Taylor, George F.........  76
Teaford, Ephriam......... 301
Teaford, Norman.......... 511
Teegarden, George W...... 484
Trainor, M. L............ 316
Turpen, J. C............. 147

            V
Vail, D. B............... 309
Vance, E. E.............. 249
Vance, Harry............. 136
VanLue, J. W............. 486
Vietor, S................ 334

            W
Wade, C. E............... 411
Wagner H. A.............. 374
Wagner, Madison.......... 360
Wandle, John F........... 427
Warner, A. J............. 284
Warner, Henry............ 298
Weaver, J. C............. 319
Wehrley, W. E............ 461
Weisenberger, M. L....... 112
Wert, C. G............... 476
Williams, J. Ed..........  55
Williams, W. H........... 122
Wilson, A. N.............  96
Wilson, Frazer E......... 422
Wilson, Thomas B......... 491
Winters, J. Oscar........ 529
Wise, D. J............... 277
Witwer, David F.......... 490
Woods, Hezekiah.......... 150
Wright, E. C............. 389

            Y
Young, William K......... 442

presentation ©2003-4 Wally Garchow | Sacramento, CA
for Darke County Genealogical Researchers